The following are quotes from Doug Wilson regarding his view that the Lord’s Supper should be alcoholic wine (i.e., fermented wine) and leavened bread (i.e., fermented bread). My comments will be interspersed.
==The Bible teaches that the elements to be used in this observance are bread and wine. When Christ instituted the meal during the Passover, all the bread was unleavened, but the first observance of the Lord’s Supper after the Lord ascended was at the time of Pentecost, when having unleavened bread in that way was impossible. In my view, the best image of the potency of the gospel would be to use leavened bread — the kingdom is like leaven. The drink used by the Jews at the Passover was wine, not grape juice. And the modern idea that the Greek word oinos, elsewhere in Scripture, refers to unfermented grape juice is simply untenable.==
[C-Dunc]: I’m interested to know how Wilson knows that having unleavened bread at the time of Pentecost was impossible. He does say, “in that way.” I’m not exactly sure what he means by that, but it certainly does not follow that the Lord’s Supper is to be something other than what Christ Himself initially instituted — namely, unleavened bread. And while leavened bread is indeed used as a metaphor to describe the Kingdom, the context of the Passover/Lord’s Supper is clearly UNleavened bread, not leavened bread.
A person (Wilson) is NOT allowed to rip metaphors out of the context in which one finds them, and then insert them wherever they feel like without Scriptural warrant. I am also interested to know how Wilson knows for certain that Jesus used alcoholic wine at the Passover (also known as the Feast of Unleavened Bread). Wilson is correct in his comments about said Greek word (oinos), and its use in Scripture. But Jesus does NOT use said Greek word that is translated as, “fruit of the vine.”
The Apostle Paul wrote this perpetual command for all believers:
“For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which He was betrayed took bread; and giving thanks, He broke and said, Take, eat; this is My body which is broken on behalf of you; this do in remembrance of Me. In the same way the cup also, after supping, saying, This cup is the New Covenant in My blood; as often as you drink, do this in remembrance of Me. For as often as you may eat this bread, and drink this cup, you solemnly proclaim the death of the Lord, until He shall come” (1 Corinthians 11:23-26).
[C-Dunc]: Wilson would dispute the use of unfermented grape juice, but he would not dispute the use of unleavened bread. From the quote we saw from him, he thinks that leavened bread is the proper “gospel” bread. He thinks that there is freedom for the Christian to change what Christ initially instituted. But please note how Paul says that he DELIVERING to us that which he initially RECEIVED from the Lord Jesus. What kind of bread was received from the Lord? The same type of bread is delivered by the Apostle. Wilson is clearly wrong about the use of leavened bread in the Lord’s Supper.
==The Passover meal had four cups of wine. After the second cup, Jesus took the bread which represented His own broken body, blessed and broke it. The command was take and eat, not take and speculate, or take and preach, or take and twist (v. 22). After the bread, the Passover lamb was eaten. After this was the third cup, the cup of blessing (v. 23). He gave thanks at this point in the meal, and Mark uses the word we get Eucharist from — this was a solemn thanksgiving. This third cup becomes the one cup of the Christian sacrament of the Lord’s Supper. Blessing and thanksgiving grow to fill the whole. This cup is the blood of the new covenant.
But the fourth cup of the Passover was refused — this fourth cup was the consummation of the meal. Jesus refuses this cup, leaving the Passover meal incomplete. Jesus promised to drink that fourth cup new in the kingdom of God. But before that glad day, it was still necessary for the Lamb to be killed.==
[C-Dunc]: Does the Bible say there was four cups used in the Passover? If not, and we just grant that there was indeed four cups used, how can one prove that the liquid used was wine, and not grape juice? With Jesus NOT using the Greek word that is commonly used for wine, and with the fact of the unleavened, unfermented bread, the onus is on those like Wilson, to demonstrate that there is a DISsimilarity between the bread and the juice. In other words, the burden is on those who would say that in the Old Testament Passover, there was unleavened bread, but leavened wine, INSTEAD of being BOTH unleavened bread, AND unleavened grape juice.